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Robert Greyndour and his wife, Joan

  • Object:

    Brass rubbing

  • Place of origin:

    Gloucestershire (Rubbing would have been made on site at All Saints' Church. Original brass probably made elsewhere., made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1445 (made)
    mid-1930s (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    wax rubbing of monumental brass on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Gertrude A. Jones.

  • Museum number:

    E.3344-1938

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Monumental brasses are commemorative plaques that served as effigies and were most commonly found in churches. The earliest examples come from the thirteenth century but they were popular up until the seventeenth century and then again in the Victorian Gothic Revival. Surviving brasses from the medieval period are limited due to the turbulent history of the Church but they do survive in considerable numbers in the East of England, Germany and Flanders. Made from an alloy of copper and zinc, a material known as latten, they were laid into church floors and walls. Monumental brasses are historically and stylistically significant because they record dress, architecture, armoury, heraldry (coats of arms and insignia) and palaeography (handwriting) in a dated object. In addition they tell the story of memorial and patronage.

The practice of recording brasses through a process of rubbing originates from the Victorian Gothic Revival. An early method of pouring printer’s ink into engraved lines and then placing damp tissue paper over the brass was replaced around the mid-nineteenth century with the more effective technique of using black shoemaker’s wax, known as heel ball. Brass rubbing continued to be a popular hobby into the twentieth century before the process was understood to cause damage to the brasses.

Physical description

Rubbing of the brass effigies of a man and his wife, possibly Robert Greyndour and Joan. The effigy of the man is damaged. The brass includes a crest depicting an iron-miner of the period equipped for work, with a candle in his mouth, a pick in his hand, and a bag of ore on his back.

Place of Origin

Gloucestershire (Rubbing would have been made on site at All Saints' Church. Original brass probably made elsewhere., made)

Date

ca. 1445 (made)
mid-1930s (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

wax rubbing of monumental brass on paper

Dimensions

Height: 1104.899 mm, Width: 647.699 mm

Object history note

Rubbing taken at All Saints' Church, Newland, Gloucestershire and given by Miss Gertrude A. Jones.

Descriptive line

Rubbing of the brass effigies of a man and his wife, possibly Robert Greyndour and Joan, dated ca. 1445, from All Saints' Church, Newland, Gloucestershire

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design & Department of Paintings, Accessions 1938. London: The Board of Education, 1939.
V&A Print Room's Print Catalogue: BRASS RUBBINGS CATALOGUE 1435-1500, 1991

Stephenson, Mill. A List of Monumental Brasses in the British Isles. London: Headley Brothers, 1926, and supplement, 1956.

Materials

Wax; Paper

Techniques

Rubbing

Subjects depicted

Miners; Miners' candlesticks

Categories

Death; Metalwork; Rubbings; Commemoration; Heraldry

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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