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Panel - Christ Triumphant

Christ Triumphant

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (Northern Italy or South Germany, made)

  • Date:

    12th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved elephant ivory

  • Museum number:

    260-1867

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is an ivory panel made probably in Northern Italy or South Germany, probably in the twelfth century. This panel depicts Christ Triumphant standing within a mandorla, holding in his right hand the Banner of the Resurrection and in his left, covered by his mantle, a book. It also shows all four beasts of Psalm 90, illustrated below the feet of Christ, the dragon, lion, asp and basilisk. This plaque is relatively thin and must have been made for a book cover and then torn from its setting. The particular image of the triumphant Christ, with the lion, dragon, asp and basilisk, has been shown by Philippe Verdier to derive from Late Roman imperial prototypes and have enjoyed a great popularity in the Carolingian and Romanesque periods.

Physical description

Carved ivory panel or devotional tablet depicting Christ standing within a mandorla and striding forward triumphantly, holding in his right hand the Banner of the Resurrection and in his left, covered by his mantle, a book. The drapery of his mantle billows out from behind his waist and from his left wrist. Beneath his feet are the lion, the dragon, the asp, and baselisk. The panel is surrounded by undulating foliage.

Place of Origin

Italy (Northern Italy or South Germany, made)

Date

12th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Carved elephant ivory

Dimensions

Height: 12.2 cm, Width: 6.9 cm maximum

Object history note

In the possession of John Webb, London, by 1862 (London 1862, cat. no. 53); purchased from Webb in 1867, for £7.

Descriptive line

Panel, ivory, depicting Christ triumphant, Northern Italy or South Germany, probably twelfth century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1867. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 10
Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory. London: Published under the Authority of the Board of Education, 1927-1929, Part II, p. 115
Verdier, Philippe. Dominus Potens in Praelio. Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch. 43, 1982, p. 90, a. 47, fig. 9
p. 104
Maskell, W., A Description of the Ivories Ancient and Medieval in the South Kensington Museum, London, 1872
p. 165
Westwood, J O. A descriptive catalogue of the Fictile Ivories in the South Kensington Museum. With an Account of the Continental Collections of Classical and Mediaeval Ivories. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1876
part II, pp. 874-875
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014, part II, pp. 874-875, cat. no. 289

Materials

Ivory

Techniques

Carving

Subjects depicted

Cockatrice; Mandorla; Dragon; Asp; Nimbus; Lion; Banners

Categories

Sculpture; Plaques & Plaquettes; Christianity; Religion

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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