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Jo-Jo La Colombe

  • Object:

    Poster

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    1951-1952 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Imprimerie Spéciale de Paix et Liberté (issued by)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour lithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of the American Friends of the V&A; Gift to the American Friends by Leslie, Judith and Gabri Schreyer and Alice Schreyer Batko

  • Museum number:

    E.629-2004

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case 3, shelf G, box 26

In 1949, Pablo Picasso designed a lithograph of a dove for the International Peace Congress (Congrès mondial des partisans de la paix) in Paris. It is Picasso's dove and its biblical allusion to the end of the flood that has come to symbolise peace in the second half of the Twentieth century. The French anti-communist movement Paix et Liberté (Peace and Liberty) began to appropriate this same dove symbol in the early 1950s to promote their belief that peace would be threatened by the installation of a communist regime.

In this satrical poster, a large mustachioed brute, a caricature of Josef Stalin (mockingly referred to as "Jo-Jo"), is seen wearing a red star on his T-shirt with a hammer and sicle tatooed on his forearm. He stands with a white dove on a leash and threateningly carries a spiked club in his hand. The image conveys the message that a Stalinist regime would inhibit - and perhaps annihilate - peaceful existence in France.

Physical description

Brutish tatooed male figure, a caricarute of Josef Stalin, representing the embodiment of Communism, stands on a street corner. In one hand, he holds a sign bearing the slogan "PAIX" (peace), in the other, a spiked club. A dove on a leash stands near him.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

1951-1952 (made)

Artist/maker

Imprimerie Spéciale de Paix et Liberté (issued by)

Materials and Techniques

Colour lithograph

Marks and inscriptions

PAIX
from the French: PEACE

Imp. Spéciale PAIX et LIBERTE 11-51

167, rue de l'Université Paris 7e 4321-76

Dimensions

Height: 77.9 cm, Width: 56.1 cm

Descriptive line

Anti-Communist propaganda poster issued by Paix et Liberté. France, 1951-1952.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

ISBN:9781851775439
Crowley, David and Jane Pavitt, Cold War Modern: Design 1945-1970, London: V&A Publishing, 2008.

Materials

Paper; Ink

Subjects depicted

Communism; Dove; Politics; Propaganda

Categories

Prints; Propaganda; Posters

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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