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Stages of map making

  • Object:

    Design

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1992 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Frankel, John P. (artist)
    Geographers' A-Z Map Company (Artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Print on paper and glue

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs Phyllis Pearsall MBE, FRGS

  • Museum number:

    E.845-2003

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case LP, shelf 21

Physical description

A printed map of Central London. The map appears to be one seamless single sheet, with Kensington in the West and the City of London in the East, but is in fact made of parts taken from six separate maps and reassembled and glued on a paper support. Six handmade printed labels describe what each stage involves.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

ca. 1992 (made)

Artist/maker

Frankel, John P. (artist)
Geographers' A-Z Map Company (Artist)

Materials and Techniques

Print on paper and glue

Marks and inscriptions

STAGE:1/ The centre lines are digitized from Ordnance/ Survey, or existing A-Z maps, using linestrings/ and arcs. This process is called vectorization./ Centre lines, from major roads, down to/ footpaths have their own unique symbology,/ which can be colour, lineweight and level.
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the first section of map, from left to right.

STAGE: 2/ The road outlines have been constructed by/ copying the curve lines parallel at set/ distances, different widths for the various road/ classifications. Green areas and lakes have/ been added as shapes which/ can be filled with/ colour and used to mask other detail.
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the second section of map, from left to right.

STAGE:3/ The road text is added using the centre lines to/ position the names. Various user commands are/ used to position text around curved roads. Once/ the text has been placed the centre line is./ moved to another level. Buildings, symbols and/ other text are also added. The boxes placed around names are shapes, which can be filled/ and are used to mask the background detail
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the third section of map, from left to right.

STAGE:4/ The border, grid and reference are drawn in separate design files and a preliminary feature/ table is written to produce a plot. A linestyle/ library is used to change for example, a/ footpath into a dashed or dotted line.
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the fourth section of map, from left to right.

STAGE:5/ Before creating a final plot the vector lines have/ to be converted into raster lines with the use of/ feature tables and linestyle libraries. The/ background and bus route infills have been/ generated from the centre lines. All the other/ colours have been created from shapes which/ have been filled.
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the fifth section of map, from left to right.

STAGE:6/ The Printed Map
Printed on handmade label and stuck to the sixth section of map, from left to right.

J.P.FRANKEL 4/11/92
Handwritten in pen on an adhesive label, stuck to reverse of map

ITEM 10
Handwritten in ink on an adhesive address label and stuck to the glass behind which the chart is framed

Dimensions

Height: 55.3 cm, Width: 87.8 cm

Descriptive line

A chart showing the six stages of map making. It consists of a map of Central London made from six separate maps, each from a different stage of the map-making process. Made by the Geographers' A-Z Company as an explanatory device and possibly put together by an employee, John Frankell, in 1992.

Subjects depicted

Map

Categories

Printed pages & sheets; Maps

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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