Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Pendant brooch

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    1887-1888 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Girardet, Giorgio Antonio, born 1829 - died 1892 (gem engraver)
    Castellani, Augusto, born 1829 - died 1914 (maker)
    Castellani (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamelled gold with pearls, daimond, ruby and a sapphire intaglio

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Henry L. Florence

  • Museum number:

    M.222-1917

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 22, shelf B, box 4

This Nineteenth-century jewel draws its inspiration from the pendants made in Germany in the early 1700's, but it is unusual amongst Renaissance Revival pieces for its commemoration of an event from contemporary Italian foreign policy. Engraved on the large central sapphire is a representation of the battle at Dogali in Ethiopia, where five hundred Italian troops were massacred on 27th January 1887 while attempting to establish an Italian empire in Africa. The sapphire must have been engraved very soon after the event, and the completed jewel is recorded in Castellani's studio inventory in June 1888 - allowing a more precise dating than is usually possible with Castellani's work. Three other pendants in this form are known, but these have a double flower in place of the engraved gem.
(See Lucia Pirzio-Biroli Stefanelli's article in the Burlington Magazine June 2002)

Physical description

Jewelled pendant brooch with enamelled gold and a large sapphire intaglio of a battle scene. Hung with pearls.

Enamelled gold, set with rubies, a pearl, a bevelled diamond and a large sapphire intaglio of a battle scene (a cast of the intaglio is also displayed); hung with pearls. Applied plaque with the Castellani monogram.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

1887-1888 (made)

Artist/maker

Girardet, Giorgio Antonio, born 1829 - died 1892 (gem engraver)
Castellani, Augusto, born 1829 - died 1914 (maker)
Castellani (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Enamelled gold with pearls, daimond, ruby and a sapphire intaglio

Marks and inscriptions

Monogram of two 'C's
Addorsed Cs (as in Munn, 1984, fig. 193)

Dimensions

Height: 8.9 cm, Width: 5.0 cm, Depth: 1.8 cm

Object history note

Castellani Jewellery Exhibtion RF.2003/302

Historical significance: The form of t he jewel follows a German prototype of the early 17th century.
the intaglio is based on a print by Ludovico Pogliaghi (1857-1950) commemorating the battle of Dogali, Ethiopia.

Descriptive line

Dogali pendant brooch, enamelled gold and a large sapphire intaglio of a battle scene, probably made by Augusto Castellani, 1887-1888, Italy

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Lucia Pirzio-Biroli Stefanelli; Dogali, January 1887: An Engraved Sapphire by Giorgio Antonio Girardet for a Castellani brooch; The Burlington Magazine; Vol. 144, No. 1191 (June, 2002), pp. 354-356

Materials

Gold; Enamel; Sapphire; Diamond; Pearls; Rubies

Techniques

Intaglio

Subjects depicted

Horses; Battles; Soldiers; Equestrians; Weapons

Categories

Jewellery; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Metalwork Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.