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Rubbing of a monumental slab

Rubbing of a monumental slab

  • Place of origin:

    Norfolk (made)

  • Date:

    1607 (made)
    c.1910s (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    wax rubbing

  • Museum number:

    E.2442-1924

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Monumental brasses are commemorative plaques that served as effigies and were most commonly found in churches. The earliest examples come from the thirteenth century but they were popular up until the seventeenth century and then again in the Victorian Gothic Revival. Surviving brasses from the medieval period are limited due to the turbulent history of the Church but they do survive in considerable numbers in the East of England, Germany and Flanders. Made from an alloy of copper and zinc, a material known as latten, they were laid into church floors and walls. Monumental brasses are historically and stylistically significant because they record dress, architecture, armoury, heraldry (coats of arms and insignia) and palaeography (handwriting) in a dated object. In addition they tell the story of memorial and patronage.

The practice of recording brasses through a process of rubbing originates from the Victorian Gothic Revival. An early method of pouring printer’s ink into engraved lines and then placing damp tissue paper over the brass was replaced around the mid-nineteenth century with the more effective technique of using black shoemaker’s wax, known as heel ball. Brass rubbing continued to be a popular hobby into the twentieth century before the process was understood to cause damage to the brasses.

Physical description

Rubbing taken from an incised slab

Place of Origin

Norfolk (made)

Date

1607 (made)
c.1910s (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

wax rubbing

Dimensions

Height: 58 in, Width: 30 in

Descriptive line

Incised slab of Anne Bulwer, 1607, in Guestwich Church, Norfolk

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design & Department of Paintings, Accessions 1924, published under the Authority of the Board of Education, London, 1926.

Materials

Wax

Techniques

Rubbing

Categories

Rubbings; Monuments; Ecclesiastical Art/Craft; Inscriptions; Death

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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