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Two-handled cup (porringer) - Pengelly Porringer

Pengelly Porringer

  • Object:

    Two-handled cup (porringer)

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1683-1684 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Richardson, John, born 1640 - died 1697 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Rev. T. W. Webb

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Silver, Room 65, The Whiteley Galleries, case 9, shelf 6

A silver two-handled porringer engraved with the arms of Pengelly impaling Baines for Thomas Pengelly and his wife Rachel Baines, London, made by the goldsmith John Richardson in 1683-84.

Physical description

Silver, with two reeded handles, engraved on one side with a shield of arms, and on the bottom with the letter P.

Place of Origin

London (made)


1683-1684 (made)


Richardson, John, born 1640 - died 1697 (made)

Materials and Techniques


Marks and inscriptions

JR in cypher with a pellet below, in a shaped shield: maker's mark of John Richardson
Leopard's head, the town mark for London
Date letter for 1683-4
Lion passant, the assay office mark for sterling-standard silver

Engraved with the coat of arms of Thomas Pengelly and his wife Rachel nee Baines, gules a lion rampant within an orle of trefoils argent impaling sable two shank bones in cross argent that in pale surmount the one in fesse.

The letter P engraved on base possibly for the Pengelly family.


Height: 3 3/4 in, Diameter: 5 1/8 in

Object history note

John Richardson, who made this piece, was among the most important goldsmiths in London in the late seventeenth century. Born in Worcester in the early 1640s, he was apprenticed to the prominent London goldsmith Henry Greenway and eventually took over his master's business when Greenway retired in 1670. Richardson enjoyed a successful career: the scale of his activity is reflected in the number of apprentices (four) attached to his workshop, and in the importance of the commissions entrusted to him. These included candlesticks, flagons, a basin and altar cruets for Westminster Abbey, marked for London 1684-85.
Personal matters appear to have motivated his return to Worcester in around 1695, and he died there in 1697-98.
Thomas Pengelly the elder was a London Levant merchant and married Rachel Baines; he commissioned this porringer from one of the more prominent London goldsmiths of the period.
The porringer was presented to the Museum in 1885 by the Rev. T W Webb.

Historical context note

Thomas Pengelly's son also named Thomas was born at his parents' London home in Moorfields; the family's main home was Churchgate in Cheshunt, Buckinghamshire, where Richard Cromwell took refuge after the restoration of the monarchy. Thomas the younger was called to the Bar and became an expert corporation law. He was knighted in 1719 and appointed Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1727.

Descriptive line

Silver, England (London), 1683-4, mark of John Richardson.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Charles Oman, English silversmiths' work, civil and domestic: an introduction. London: H.M.S.O., 1965.
Davidson, Simon, and Cathlyn Davidson. John and Samuel Richardson: seventeenth century goldsmiths, their marks and work. Silver Studies: the Journal of the Silver Society of the U.K. December 2010, vol. 26, pp.5-16.

Labels and date

London, 1683-4
Maker's mark PR, unidentified

Engraved with the arms of Sir Thomas Pengelly (1675-2730) Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1727 with an elaborate initial P underneath. [1994]




Raising; Casting; Engraving


Metalwork; Drinking


Metalwork Collection

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