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Medal - Christine of Lorraine

Christine of Lorraine

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Florence (made)

  • Date:

    1613 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dupré, Guillaume (medallist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze, cast

  • Museum number:

    7382-1861

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 111, The Gilbert Bayes Gallery, case DR14

Cast in bronze or lead, the portrait medal commemorated individuals and often associated events. Many specialist sculptors from the Renaissance onwards were attracted to this small-scale art form. Inspired by Roman coins, with portraits of rulers on the obverse and allegorical representations on the reverse, medals were used as gifts and mementoes and eagerly collected. The medal format proved ideal for this type of personal and intimate object.

Christine of Lorraine (1565–1636), daughter of Charles III of Lorraine, married Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in 1589. She was widowed in 1609. This formal portrait medal shows her wearing a widow's clothing, dominated by an extensive veil. The commemorative portrait medal was especially highly regarded in France during the first half of the 17th century.

Guillaume Dupré (1579-1644), court medallist to Henri IV and principal sculptor to the King, had a very successful career in France before being invited to Italy in 1612 by the new Duke of Mantua, Francesco IV. He travelled on to Florence the following year and produced medals of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo II, his wife Maria Magdalena of Austria, and his widowed mother, Christine of Lorraine. Dupré's grasp of the Italian tradition, together with his considerable technical skills, enabled him to cast medals in a style that proved influential on succeeding generations of French medallists.

Physical description

Bronze medal, obverse only; Christine de Lorraine

Place of Origin

Florence (made)

Date

1613 (made)

Artist/maker

Dupré, Guillaume (medallist)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze, cast

Dimensions

Diameter: 3.62 in

Object history note

Bought 1861 for 8s.

Descriptive line

Medal, bronze, obverse only, Christine de Lorraine, by Guillaume Dupré, France, 1613

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Jones, Mark: Catalogue of French Medals in the British Museum, Vol. II, 1600-1672, London, 1988, pp. 86-88, No. 45
Sher, Stephen K, ed. The Currency of Fame - Portrait Medals of the Renaissance. 1994, New York, p. 333, Cat. No. 148, Catalogue of the exhibition held National Gallery, Washington; Frick Collection, New York; Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh
Inventory of Art Objects Acquired in the Year 1861 In: Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, Arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol I. London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p.

Materials

Bronze

Techniques

Casting

Categories

Portraits; Coins & Medals; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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