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Poster - Comemorações doDia Internacional da Mulher trabalhadora
  • Comemorações doDia Internacional da Mulher trabalhadora
  • Enlarge image

Comemorações doDia Internacional da Mulher trabalhadora

  • Object:

    Poster

  • Place of origin:

    Portugal (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1975 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour offset lithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of the American Friends of the V&A; Gift to the American Friends by Leslie, Judith and Gabri Schreyer and Alice Schreyer Batko

  • Museum number:

    E.367-2004

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case Y, shelf 61, box E

Pro-Communist Vasco Gonçalves was named prime minister of Portugal in 1974 following the Movimento das Forças Armadas (Movement of the Armed Forces), the revolution which overthrew Marcello Caetano's dictatorship. Caetano's stringent repression in Portugal's colonies met with increasing dissent from soldiers and civilians alike. (The whole of its African empire was freed in 1975. By 1976, Portugal had withdrawn from its Asian territories as well).

The new Gonçalves government introduced many radical Communist policies, while the rival Socialist Party fought against such radicalism. Despite the mounting political tension, the first free elections were held, based on universal suffrage, on 25 April 1975. Public disaffection with the leftist dictatorship became widespread. After a campaign of anti-Communist demonstrations and growing pressure from the military to resolve the crisis, Gonçalves was eventually ousted.

This poster likely dates to this brief period of the Gonçalves rule, wherein all members of Portuguese society, women included, were expected to contribute along Communist principles. This would explain the image of Chinese women because visual propaganda circulated widely between Communist states.

Physical description

Red background. Yellow text above and below image of Chinese women reading.

Place of Origin

Portugal (made)

Date

ca. 1975 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Colour offset lithograph

Marks and inscriptions

red star symbol
lower left

"Comemorações do Dia Internacional da Mulher trabalhadora de 2 a 8 de Março - EXPOSIÇÃO"

na escola Antonio Arroio
yellow on red

Descriptive line

"Comemorações do Dia Internacional da Mulher trabalhadora de 2 a 8 de Março - EXPOSIÇÃO" Poster commemorating International Women Workers' Day, 2-8 May. Portugal.

Materials

Paper; Ink

Techniques

Colour offset lithography

Subjects depicted

Labour; Communism; Women; Propaganda; Workers

Categories

Prints; Propaganda; Posters

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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