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Manuscript cutting - Historiated initial from a Gradual for the Camaldolese monastery of San Michele a Murano
  • Historiated initial from a Gradual for the Camaldolese monastery of San Michele a Murano
    Gherarducci, Don Silvestro dei, born 1339 - died 1399
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Historiated initial from a Gradual for the Camaldolese monastery of San Michele a Murano

  • Object:

    Manuscript cutting

  • Place of origin:

    Santa Maria degli Angeli (made)
    Florence (made)
    Italy (made)
    Convent of Santa Maria degli Angeli (made)

  • Date:

    1392 -1399 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Gherarducci, Don Silvestro dei, born 1339 - died 1399 (attributed to)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigment, gold leaf and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:

    D.229-1906

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 81, box A

Physical description

Historiated initial L with Adoration of the Shepherds, in a cave.
Text: L [ux fulgebit hodie]; on verso [cuius] regni non e/[rit finis. Ps.] Dominus /regnavit, Introit to the Mass for Christmas morning
Staves of 4 red lines, 37 mm; square notation.

Place of Origin

Santa Maria degli Angeli (made)
Florence (made)
Italy (made)
Convent of Santa Maria degli Angeli (made)

Date

1392 -1399 (made)

Artist/maker

Gherarducci, Don Silvestro dei, born 1339 - died 1399 (attributed to)

Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigment, gold leaf and ink on parchment

Dimensions

Height: 305 mm cutting, Width: 125 mm cutting, Height: 160 mm miniature, Width: 125 mm miniature, Height: 37 mm stave

Object history note

Made in Florence at the convent of Santa Maria degli Angeli, for San Michele a Murano in Venice. Purchased on 22 June 1906 from Bernard Quaritch, together with twelve other cuttings from the same group of manuscripts (D.217 to 229-1906).
A duplicate number MS.967 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.

Seven fragments, whose date and place of acquisition are unknown, arrived at the South Kensington Museum by an early date; four (2868, 3045, 3074 and 3087) appear in a register recording the internal transfer from the Art Museum to the Library on 6 December 1863 of a group of 241 illuminations, and a further three are recorded in a similar transfer in 1874 (431, 432 and 434). The remaining thirteen cuttings (D.217 to 229-1906) were acquired on 22 June 1906 from Bernard Quaritch for a total cost of £60. Two of them depicting prophets were lost during the Second World War (D.220-1906 and D.223-1906).

Cuttings from the same set of graduals in the V&A collection: 431, 432, 434, 2868, 3045, 3074, 3087, D.217-1906, D.218-1906, D.219-1906, D.221-1906, D.222-1906, D.224-1906, D.225-1906, D.226-1906, D.227-1906, D.228-1906, D.229-1906.

This piece is part of a series of over fifty identified cuttings from two different graduals now distributed through various collections. Related cuttings are in: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library; Stockholm, National Museum; Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett; Paris, Musée Marmottan; Padua, Museo Civico; London, The British Library.

Descriptive line

Historiated initial L with the Adoration of the Shepherds, from a Gradual for the Camaldolese monastery of San Michele a Murano, Italy (Florence), 1392-1399.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 85.
Catalogue of illuminated manuscripts : Part II, Miniatures, leaves, and cuttings, by S.C. Cockerell and E.F. Strange (London: HMSO, 1908, 1st edition).
pp. 77-78 (as Siena, 15th century).
Catalogue of Miniatures, Leaves, and Cuttings from Illuminated Manuscripts. Victoria and Albert Museum. Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design, by S.C. Cockerell and C. Harcourt Smith (London: HMSO, 1923, 2nd edition).
George R. Bent, 'The Scriptorium at S. Maria degli Angeli and Fourteenth Century Manuscript Illumination: Don Silvestro dei Gherarducci, Don Lorenzo Monaco, and Giovanni del Biondo', in Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 55. Bd., H. 4 (1992), pp. 507-523.
pp. 29, 49, 55.
Mirella Levi d'Ancona, The reconstructed "Diurno Domenicale" from Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence: Centro Di, 1993.
pp. 155-176.
Kanter, L., B.D. Boehm et al. Painting and illumination in early Renaissance Florence, 1300-1450. New York, 1994.
no. 6.
Watson, Rowan. Vandals and Enthusiasts: Views of Illumination in the Nineteenth Century, London : Victoria and Albert Museum, 1995
pp. 453-521 (esp. pp. 475-486).
Gaudenz Freuler, Tendencies of Gothic in Florence: Don Silvestro dei Gherarducci (Florence: Giunti, 1997).
p. 92.
Watson, R. Illuminated manuscripts and their makers. An account based on the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum. London, 2003.

Production Note

Made at the convent of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence.

Techniques

Illumination; Writing

Categories

Manuscripts; Religion; Christianity; Manuscript cutting; Music

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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