Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Drawing
  • Drawing
    Sir William Chambers, born 1723 - died 1796
  • Enlarge image

Drawing

  • Place of origin:

    Britain (made)

  • Date:

    18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Sir William Chambers, born 1723 - died 1796 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pen and ink, pencil and washes in two greys and two pinks

  • Museum number:

    3365

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case A, shelf 229, box A

Plan of the temple for Henry Willoughby, before 1759 by leading architect and designer Sir William Chambers (1723-1796). Ground plan of a circular temple, two flanking rooms and the linking screen. When Chambers published his Treatise in 1759 he included several projects in the hope of further patronage, and this temple is one of these as there is no evidence that the temple was built. Willoughby was listed as one of the original subscribers to the first edition of the Treatise. The building consists of a single-storey structure of two rooms with an open area between, into which a domed circular Doric temple has been incorporated, which originated in Italy (see cats.746-750.) The two rooms are accessible through the domed circle of columns or from the other side, where the plan shows a block or plinth flanked by columns (no doubt for an aedicule) in the manner of a classical altar. The columns are attached to the wall linking the two buildings are cornice level before rising free to support the dome.

Chambers was born in Sweden and died in London. He travelled widely, visiting China, and studied architecture at the Ecole des Arts, Paris, from 1749 and in Italy from 1750 to 1755. Many of his drawings from this period are contained in his important 'Franco-Italian' album, held in the V&A. Chambers moved to London in 1755 and published his influential Treatise on Civil Architecture in 1759. Chambers demonstrated the breadth of his style in buildings such as Gower (later Carrington) House and Melbourne House, London, in such country houses as Duddingston, Scotland, and in the garden architecture he designed for Wilton House, Wiltshire, and at Kew Gardens. He became head of government building in 1782, and in this capacity built Somerset House, London.

Physical description

Plan of the temple for Henry Willoughby, before 1759. Ground plan of a circular temple, two flanking rooms and the linking screen. The building consists of a single-storey structure of two rooms with an open area between, into which a domed circular Doric temple has been incorporated, which originated in Italy (see cats.746-750.) The two rooms are accessible through the domed circle of columns or from the other side, where the plan shows a block or plinth flanked by columns (no doubt for an aedicule) in the manner of a classical altar. The columns are attached to the wall linking the two buildings are cornice level before rising free to support the dome.

Place of Origin

Britain (made)

Date

18th century (made)

Artist/maker

Sir William Chambers, born 1723 - died 1796 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Pen and ink, pencil and washes in two greys and two pinks

Marks and inscriptions

'Plan of a Temple designed for H Willoughby Esqr'
Inscribed in ink

Dimensions

Height: 314 mm, Width: 432 mm

Object history note

Bought from Richardson

Historical context note

When Chambers published his Treatise in 1759 he included several projects in the hope of further patronage, and this temple is one of these as there is no evidence that the temple was built. Willoughby was listed as one of the original subscribers to the first edition of the Treatise.

Descriptive line

Ground floor plan of the temple for Henry Willoughby, before 1759, Sir William Chambers (1723-1796).

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Snodin, M. Sir William Chambers. London: V&A Publications, 1996.

Production Note

Attribution note: Scale: 1 1/8 in to 10ft.

Materials

Wash; Pen and ink; Pencil

Techniques

Drawing; Painting

Subjects depicted

Buildings; Plinth; Temple; Rooms; Doric; Plan; Columns

Categories

Designs; Drawings; Architecture

Production Type

Design

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.