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Poster - Workers Citizens Farmers Soldiers All the Peoples of Germany
  • Workers Citizens Farmers Soldiers All the Peoples of Germany
    Klein, Cesar, born 1876 - died 1954
  • Enlarge image

Workers Citizens Farmers Soldiers All the Peoples of Germany

  • Object:

    Poster

  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)

  • Date:

    1918 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Klein, Cesar, born 1876 - died 1954 (artist)
    Provisional Government of Germany (publishers)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour lithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of the American Friends of the V&A; Gift to the American Friends by Leslie, Judith and Gabri Schreyer and Alice Schreyer Batko

  • Museum number:

    E.15-2004

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case MB3G, shelf DR1

World War I was followed by a new political order in Germany. The socialist Provisional Government enlisted the Novembergruppe, a group of avant-garde artists, to produce images that would inspire support for the fledgling democracy. Klein's poster asks all the people of Germany to stand together in support of the National Assembly. It was felt that the Novembergruppe's radical expressionist style would resonate with the revolutionary emotion and turmoil of the moment. However many among 'the masses' at whom the posters were aimed could not relate to the unfamiliar visual language and even felt mocked by it.

Physical description

Poster showing a united front of blue collar workers. Some stand in groups of three, while others stand alone on mounded ground. All have their right arms raised in unison. A large crowd of figures occupies the background. The image is primarily rendered in red and yellow. German slogans feature throughout, calling all people together in the national assembly (NATIONALVERSAMMLUNG).

Place of Origin

Germany (made)

Date

1918 (made)

Artist/maker

Klein, Cesar, born 1876 - died 1954 (artist)
Provisional Government of Germany (publishers)

Materials and Techniques

Colour lithograph

Marks and inscriptions

ARBEITER BÜRGER BAUERN SOLDATEN
(from the German) Workers Citizens Farmers Soldiers
printed in red block capital letters in arcs across the poster's upper margin

ALLER STÄMME DEUTSCHLANDS
(from the German) All the Peoples of Germany
printed in red block capitals

VEREINIGT EUCH/ ZUR/ NATIONALVERSAMMLUNG
National Assembly
printed in red block capitals across the poster's lower margin

Dimensions

Height: 68.2 cm, Width: 99.9 cm

Descriptive line

Cesar Klein German Peoples' unity poster issued by the Provisional Government of Germany, 1918

Labels and date

At the end of the First World War, Germany became the Weimar Republic. The Socialist provisional government employed avant-garde artists to produce images that would promote the fledgling democracy. Their new expressionist style was meant to resonate with the revolutionary emotion of the moment. However many Germans felt alienated by the unfamiliar visual language and even mocked by it.

A World to Win: Posters of Protest and Revolution, V&A, Galleries 88a and 90, (1 May-2 Nov 2014) [01/05/2014-02/11/2014]

Materials

Paper; Ink

Techniques

Colour lithography

Subjects depicted

Unity; Politics; Propaganda; Farmers; Ideology; People; Soldiers; Sun; Workers

Categories

Prints; Propaganda; Politics; Posters

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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