Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Tureen

Tureen

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1750 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Sinceny pottery factory (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Tin-glazed earthenware, painted in colours

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Stuart Gerald Davis

  • Museum number:

    C.165&A-1951

  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 3, case CA13 []

The following information about the Sinceny manufactory is based on the publication Histoire de la Faïence Française, Paris & Rouen by Dorothée Guillemé-Brulon.

In 1723 Jean-Baptiste Fayard inherited from his father the estate of Sinceny in northern France, situated about half-way between Paris and Rouen. Ten years later considerable deposits of clay were discovered there, suitable for making tin-glazed earthenware or faïence as this type of pottery is usually called in France. In 1737 Fayard obtained permission from the King to produce faïence and with the financial support of the banker Rémy Pernot du Buat he launched his enterprise. He employed a painter from Rouen, Denis-Pierre Pellevé to be the manufactory's director, and he brought the first wave of painters with him from Rouen, a city already famous for faïence production. This first period of production was somewhat unstable however, culminating with the departure of Pellevé himself in 1742. The second period, under the leadership of Mme. Fayard was more productive. She employed Pierre II Chapelle and a new wave of potters (all from Rouen) and also a new director from Lorraine, the faïence painter Léopold Malriat.

It is not surprising that the decoration on Sinceny faïence was initially very close in style to the wares produced in Rouen, given that many of the potters came from there. The early Asian-style decoration also found on some Sinceny is similar to that found on Japanese and St Cloud porcelains, probably due to the fact that examples of these wares are known to have been owned by the Fayard family and could have been lent to the potters to copy. Other more original chinoiserie scenes are also found and owe much to the engravings of Charles Huquier, published 1737-1738, as well as to more direct sources such as Chinese porcelain and Japanese lacquer. This tureen, with its dramatic scene of warriors hunting a dragon which completely fills the space, was probably inspired by an illustration from a Chinese epic war novel copied onto an original Chinese pot. Similar scenes are also found on contemporary Dutch tin-glazed earthenware made in Delft.

The fashion for chinoiseries continued at Sinceny until about 1765, although European-style decoration was also used alongside from the mid eighteenth century onwards and was ultimately to overtake chinoiseries in popularity during the final decades of the century.

Physical description

Low octagonal tureen, the cover painted with three Chinese warriors attacking a dragon with spears, the base painted with typical stylised flowers,

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

ca. 1750 (made)

Artist/maker

Sinceny pottery factory (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Tin-glazed earthenware, painted in colours

Marks and inscriptions

'S' painted in black

Dimensions

Width: 360 mm whole, Height: 192 mm tureen and cover, Depth: 277 mm whole

Object history note

Formerly in the collection of Lucien Lévy. Illustrated in Chompret etc, Repertoire V, pl. 5. Exhibited at the Musée des Arts Decoratifs, 1932.
Acquisition type: Bequest

Descriptive line

Tin-glazed earthenware tureen and cover, painted in colours, made by Sinceny pottery factory, France, about 1750

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Arthur Lane, French Faïence, 1948, pl. 30B
Chefs-D'Oeuvre de la Faïence du Musée de Saint-Omer, 1988. See no. 198, p. 150 for a tureen of the same shape described as Rouen (or Sinceny), also with chinoiseries, about 1740-50
Dorothee Guillemé-Brulon. Histoire de la Faience Française, Paris & Rouen, Editions Massin, Paris 1998, see 66p. for a similar tureen decorated with chinoiseries,including large figures, an elephant and stylised plants.

Production Note

Acquired as Sinceny. Illustrated Arthur Lane, French Faïence, 1948, pl. 30B, as Sinceny, mid-18th century. For a similar Sinceny tureen painted with a different subject see Dorothée Guillemé Brulon, Paris & Rouen - Sources et rayonnement, Histoire de la Faïence Francaise, Paris, 1998, p. 66.

Materials

Earthenware

Subjects depicted

Spears; Dragon; Men

Categories

Ceramics; Earthenware; Food vessels & Tableware

Collection

Ceramics Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.